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Tuesday, April 19, 2016, 17:07

US actions cause of tension in the South China Sea

By Wang Hui

When US Defense Secretary Ash Carter said on board a US aircraft carrier in the South China Sea on Friday that “what’s new is the context of tension which exists which we want to reduce,” he did anything but that. Instead, he further raised tensions in the waters.

US actions cause of tension in the South China Sea The US defense chief’s muscle flexing reflected the United States’ determination to step up its involvement in the South China Sea.

This is the second time in five months that the Pentagon chief has boarded a US aircraft carrier sailing through disputed waters in the South China Sea. These are more than just symbolic moves. They are part of a series of maneuverings by the US as it shifts to the fore in the waters in its bid to contain China.

Since October, Washington has repeatedly employed the excuse of freedom of navigation to sail navy vessels through China’s territorial waters without permission.

On Oct 27, the guided-missile destroyer USS Lassen entered the 12-nautical-mile waters around China’s Zhubi Reef in the South China Sea where reconstruction work was being completed. And on Jan 30, the US Navy guided-missile destroyer USS Curtis Wilbur entered Chinese waters off the Xisha Islands.

In a separate incident, a US B-52 bomber flew near China’s Nansha islands on December 10, which is deemed by the Chinese side as a threat to the safety of Chinese personnel and facilities on the islands.

The US also conducted a joint patrol with the Philippines in the South China Sea in March and a second one early this month, while claiming that such patrols would occur “regularly” in the future.

These provocative moves have been hailed by the US’ allies that have territorial disputes with China, but it is worth mentioning that some Western media are now describing the US’ actions as “assertive”, (although still unfairly portraying China as is in the wrong by labeling its previously “assertive” behavior as “aggressive”).

This does point to the prevailing and disturbing trend in the South China Sea: China and the US seem to be increasingly engaged in a form of hand wrestling, with the US resorting to one provocation after another and China being compelled to take countermeasures.

Carter boarded the aircraft carrier USS John C Stennis last week, soon after Fan Changlong, China’s vice-chairman of the Central Military Commission, had inspected the construction of facilities on some islands and reefs of the Nansha Islands.

Fan’s rare visit was widely interpreted as a warning to some countries, including the US, that China will not compromise its maritime territorial integrity and is determined to react to any provocations.

Since last year, the US has been leading a chorus with countries such as the Philippines and Vietnam to point an accusing finger at China’s island reclamation work despite China’s repeated explanation that the work falls within China’s sovereignty and is largely meant for civilian purposes and will also provide support to foreign vessels in the waters.

On Sunday, a People’s Liberation Army Navy aircraft suspended its patrolling of the South China Sea to help transport three severely ill patients from Yongshu Jiao reef of the Nansha Islands to Sanya in Hainan province.

This is a ready proof that China’s new facilities on the Nansha Islands have helped improve the PLA Navy’s capabilities in dealing with emergencies, and such capabilities no doubt could also contribute to providing humanitarian support to all vessels passing through the waters in a timely manner.

Construction projects on those islands include lighthouses, weather stations, oceanic observation centers and research facilities, which will provide public services for the international community.

Despite the fact that more than 40,000 vessels sail through the South China Sea every year, no single incident has been reported that China’s reclamation work has in any way impeded freedom of navigation in the waters. This clearly shows the US’ “upholding” of freedom of navigation in the waters is a false proposition. It is only an excuse used by the US to realize its strategic intentions in the region.

What has happened in the past months is clear proof that the US itself is militarizing the waters.

The region should be alert to this worrying tendency as the US’ meddling in the South China Sea has indisputably complicated the situation, pushed it toward head-on conflict, and made it more difficult for the parties concerned to find peaceful solutions to their territorial disputes.

The author is deputy editor-in-chief of China Daily Asia Pacific

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