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Thursday, December 1, 2016, 12:55

China issues white paper on right to development

By Xinhua

The white paper noted that China has absorbed about 23 percent of exports from the world's least developing countries since 2008, adding that it will set up a South-South Cooperation Fund to improve economic growth and standards of living in the developing countries.

It will also increase its investment in the least developing countries, write off certain countries' debts, establish an International Development Knowledge Center, and further the Belt and Road Initiative, an infrastructure and trade network proposed by China in 2013, the white paper said.

In the next five years, the document reads, China will implement six "One Hundred Programs" targeting developing countries -- namely 100 poverty reduction programs, 100 agricultural cooperation programs, 100 trade aid programs, 100 eco-protection and climate change programs, 100 hospitals and clinics , and 100 schools and vocational training centers.

One hundred and twenty thousand training opportunities in China and 150,000 scholarships will be made available to developing countries, and 500,000 vocational technical personnel will be trained for developing countries, according to the white paper.

670,000 non-governmental organizations

The number of non-governmental organizations that had registered at offices of civil affairs in China hit 670,000 by June 2016, the white paper said.

The white paper titled "The Right to Development: China's Philosophy, Practice and Contribution," said there were 329,000 mass organizations, 5,028 foundations, and 336,000 private non-profit units.

The document, released by the State Council Information Office, added these non-governmental organizations' services and influence extend to education, science and technology, culture, health, sports, communities, environmental protection, public welfare, charity, rural economy and other fields of public life.

China has also improved the environment for the disabled, encouraging them to participate in cultural and sports activities, according to the white paper.

It said China had more than 300,000 liaison stations for volunteers helping the disabled, with 8.5 million registered volunteers by the end of 2015.

China has issued the "Outline for the National IT Application Development Strategy," enhanced information accessibility of government websites, and encouraged non-governmental organizations to provide individualized information services to the disabled, according to the white paper.

By the end of 2014, China set up 1,515 reading rooms for the visually impaired in public libraries at all levels nationwide, it said, adding the nation had established 65,918 public e-libraries, mainly to serve the elderly and rural migrant workers, by the end of 2015.

1.3b mobile phone users

The total number of phone users in China hit about 1.54 billion by the end of 2015, and about 1.3 billion of them were mobile phone users, the white paper said Thursday.

The white paper, titled "The Right to Development: China's Philosophy, Practice and Contribution," said the number of Internet users stood at 688 million.

According to the document, the people's living standards have significantly improved in the country.

From 1978 to 2015, per capita GDP grew from more than US$200 to above US$8,000, according to the white paper.

In 1978, per capita disposable income of urban residents was only 343.4 yuan, and per capita net income of rural residents was only 133.6 yuan.

In 2015, per capita disposable income of all residents reached 21,966 yuan and the figures were 31,195 yuan for urban residents and 11,422 yuan for rural residents.

Chinese residents made 127.86 million outbound trips in the same year, including 121.72 million private trips, according to the white paper.

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