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Saturday, September 20, 2014, 11:16

Alibaba soars 38% in trading debut

By Xinhua
 Alibaba soars 38% in trading debut

Alibaba Group Holding Ltd founder Jack Ma (C) and Joseph Tsai (center L), vice chairman and co-founder, pose with employees as they arrive for the company's initial public offering under the ticker "BABA", at the New York Stock Exchange in New York, Sept 19, 2014. (Photo/Agencies)

NEW YORK - China's e-commerce giant Alibaba Group Holding Limited Friday ended its first day of trading at $93.89 a piece, surging 38 percent following a record initial public offering on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).

Alibaba shares opened more than two hours after the opening bell at 92.70 dollars per share, 36 percent higher than its initial public offering (IPO) price of 68 dollar set Thursday.

The company's shares popped to a session high of 99.70 dollars apiece shortly after it opened for trading, and were mostly traded between the range of 90 dollars and 100 dollars.

After trading for the first day, the company's market capital reached 230 billion dollars, compared with 150 billion dollars market capital of its American rival Amazon.

The company offered 320 million shares and raised 21.8 billion dollars, becoming the largest IPO in US history.

Director of NYSE Floor Operations at O'Neil Securities Inc. Kenneth Polcari told Xinhua that closing at 93.89 dollars, about 1.10 cents higher than where it opened, showed how well the process worked.

"I think the first performance is actually was much better than most expectations," Polcari said.

Executive Chairman of Alibaba Group Jack Ma said in an interview with CNBC that he was "excited and honored about the IPO. "

"We have a dream. We hope in the next 15 years that the world changes because of us," said Ma, promising they would work to take care of investors and make shareholders happy.

"Today what we got is not money what we got is the trust from the people, millions of small businesses," he said.

Alibaba, founded by Ma in 1999, has grown into one of the largest e-commerce behemoths in the world and now controls 80 percent of all online retail sales in China. It started its global roadshow on Sept. 8 in New York and received enough bookings for the offering within five days thanks to massive interest from worldwide investors.

10 Things to Know About Alibaba:

THE BIGGEST: Alibaba raised $21.8 billion in its debut, making it the biggest US-listed IPO in history after the IPO of credit card processing company Visa in 2008. If Alibaba's investment banks were to exercise their option to sell an additional 48 million shares, it could make Alibaba's IPO the biggest in the world, beating out the $22 billion IPO of Agricultural Bank of China in 2010.

DON'T FORGET YAHOO: It may have been a big day for Alibaba and its founder Jack Ma, but Yahoo's investors are feeling pretty good after Alibaba's IPO. Yahoo was an early investor in Alibaba, paying $1 billion for a stake in the company in 2005. Yahoo likely made $8.3 billion to $9.5 billion in Alibaba's IPO, and will still own a 16 percent stake in the company worth $37.7 billion.

ALIBABA ECLIPISES SILICON VALLEY: Alibaba now has a market capitalization of roughly $219.8 billion, according to FactSet. That makes the company bigger than some of the US technology industry's most successful names, such as Facebook, eBay, and even

ALL IN ONE: Investors are interested in Alibaba because the company dominates many businesses in China that, here in the US, are run by individual companies. Alibaba owns the websites Tmall and Taobao, which are similar to and eBay, respectively. The company also earns money from transaction fees related to its various businesses through Alipay, which is like PayPal. That's just three of Alibaba's many subsidiaries.

BIG PROFITS: Unlike the US e-commerce giant Amazon, Alibaba has been consistently profitable. The company had $8.5 billion in sales in its latest fiscal year ending in March, with net income of $3.8 billion. The year prior, Alibaba had $5.4 billion in sales and $1.4 billion in profits. In comparison, Amazon sold $74.4 billion in goods in 2013, but made only $274 million in profits that year. In 2012, Amazon reported a net loss of $39 million.

RISKS: If Alibaba does well for investors, it will be the exception to what has been the trend for Chinese companies. When Chinese companies have listed stocks on American markets, their shares have lost an average 1 percent a year for the next three years, compared with an average 7 percent annual gain for other US IPOs, according to research by Jay Ritter, a finance professor at the University of Florida.

SECOND TIME AROUND: This isn't Alibaba's first time going public. Alibaba took its online shopping portal public in 2007 in Hong Kong. was a publicly traded company only for a few years. Alibaba took private in 2012.

SOLID GOLD: Jack Ma, who started Alibaba in 1999 in his apartment in the Chinese city of Hangzhou, is now among the richest people in the world. Ma's ownership in the company is worth roughly $18.2 billion, based on Alibaba's closing share price Friday. That doesn't include the shares he sold in the IPO, which are worth another $867 million, and his other investments. Bloomberg put his entire net worth at $21.9 billion, making him the 34th richest person in the world.

BIG WIN FOR NYSE: Alibaba chose to list its shares on the New York Stock Exchange, making it the second A-list technology company to go public on the Big Board in less than a year. The NYSE handled Twitter's IPO last year. NYSE's competitor, the Nasdaq Stock Market, has struggled to win the business of big tech companies since Facebook's IPO in 2012, which was plagued with technical problems.

LIFE IS LIKE A BOX OF...: Jack Ma biggest hero is the fictional character Forrest Gump. "I really like that guy,'' Ma said, in an interview with business channel CNBC on Friday. "Every time I'm frustrated, I watch the movie. (The movie tells) me that no matter whatever changed, you are you.''

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