In this Dec 29, 2015 file photo, Shi'ite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr speaks during a press conference in Najaf, 160 kilometers south of Baghdad, Iraq. (KARIM KADIM / AP)
BAGHDAD — Iraqi Shi'ite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, whose coalition won the largest number of seats in last month's parliamentary elections, has announced an alliance with an Iran-backed coalition ahead of marathon negotiations to form a new government.
The move, announced by al-Sadr and Hadi al-Amiri of the Fatah coalition in the revered southern Shi’ite city of Najaf, came largely as a surprise as al-Sadr has been touting himself as a nationalist leader who opposes Iranian influence in Iraq.
We had a very positive meeting in order to end the suffering of the country and the people. Our new alliance is a nationalist one and within the national frames.
Muqtada al-Sadr, Leader, Sadrist Movement
The new alliance controls 101 seats, still far from the 165 required for a majority.
At a news conference Tuesday, both leaders underscored that their alliance is aimed at expediting the formation of a new government and they called on others to join them.
"We had a very positive meeting in order to end the suffering of the country and the people," al-Sadr said. "Our new alliance is a nationalist one and within the national frames."
In the years following the US-led invasion that toppled Saddam Hussein, al-Sadr led militiamen who fought American troops in Iraq. Then they were backed by Iran, but in recent years the cleric presented himself as a nationalist leader opposed to Iranian influence and waging a public campaign against corruption.
His Sa'eroun alliance, which also includes the Communist Party and secular candidates, won 54 seats followed by Fatah, a coalition of Shi’ite paramilitaries who fought the Islamic State group in past years, with 47 seats. Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi's Victory alliance took 42 seats.
Iraq's May 12 elections, the fourth since the 2003 US-led invasion that toppled Saddam Hussein, has been marred by allegations of fraud and irregularities. It saw the lowest turnout in 15 years due to widespread anger at the country's dysfunctional political class.
Last week, al-Abadi announced that a commission set up by the government to look into alleged irregularities in the vote found "unprecedented" violations and "widespread manipulation" and faulted election authorities for "not taking the needed measures or taking wrong ones." It recommended a recount for 5 percent of the vote.
Hours later, lawmakers voted on annulling results of ballots from abroad and camps for displaced people in four Sunni-dominated provinces, and called for a manual recount of all ballots.
A few days later, a fire ripped through a Baghdad storage site for ballot boxes, drawing calls to redo the election as the country's top judicial authority took over the Independent Elections Commission to prepare for the manual recount.
During his weekly press conference Tuesday, al-Abadi objected to a re-do of the elections, a position echoed by al-Sadr and al-Amiri.
Initial investigations, said al-Abadi, showed that Sunday's fire was deliberately lit by "criminals who seek to sabotage the political process from one side and to steal the voters' votes from another."
Citing the investigation, he added that those behind it had easy access to the storage as no doors had been broken, security cameras were disabled and the fire was caused by pouring benzene in different palaces.