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Wednesday, October 25, 2017, 11:31
Xi offers fresh thinking for a new era
By China Daily
Wednesday, October 25, 2017, 11:31 By China Daily

Editor's note: The Communist Party of China has just concluded its 19th National Congress in Beijing. China Daily asked five prominent experts for their views on Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, which was introduced at the congress.

Alan Barrell, professor in residence at Judge Business School, University of Cambridge

Q&A Alan Barrell

General Secretary Xi Jinping said China has embarked on a "new era" in its development while spelling out a two-stage development plan. What do you think of that? What is happening in China that impresses you the most?

Chinese capability with infrastructure development and management of major projects can benefit other nations

Alan Barrell, professor in residence at Judge Business School, University of Cambridge

I like the two-stage development plan proposed by Xi and believe it is feasible. As Xi said, "It will take the great determination of the whole nation." I am extremely impressed with the country's vigorous and creative approach to innovation. China is an innovation nation.

Xi has pledged to develop a modern economy. What are your expectations for that?

General Secretary Xi Jinping's pledge to develop a modern economy relates again to innovation and the rapid adoption of new technology like big data, artificial intelligence and machine learning, for example.

China is still the world's fastest-growing economy, and millions of people have been lifted out of poverty. What do you feel has been the key to such achievements?

Long-term planning and dedication to infrastructure development, and China's stable political system, have been key to China being the world's fastest-growing economy and lifting millions of people out of poverty.

China has been making efforts to reform and develop the global governance system. How do you think China's experience and wisdom can benefit countries and people around the world?

Chinese capability with infrastructure development and management of major projects can benefit other nations. The Belt and Road Initiative is a tremendous program that will positively influence the development of the global economy. The world needs the kind of leadership General Secretary Xi Jinping is proposing. This is a time for China to exert responsible leadership.

Paolo Salom, editor of the international edition of Italy’s Evening Courier

Q&A Paolo Salom

The 19th CPC National Congress introduced Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. How do you think it will guide China's future?

General Secretary Xi Jinping's remarks represent the latest achievement in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context. In practical terms, it means the Communist Party of China will keep focusing on development, both in the economic and social sense. The fact the new Thought has been enshrined in the CPC Constitution gives further importance to these guidelines, which enriches previous theories (Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, The Thought of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development). Xi stressed a "new era" in his remarks, so I think the whole country will be called to strive for further overall growth to reach the goal of an stronger and richer China.

General secretary Xi Jinping’s remarks represent the latest achievement in adapting marxism to the Chinese context

Paolo Salom, editor of the international edition of Italy’s Evening Courier

General Secretary Xi Jinping said China has embarked on a "new era" in its development while spelling out a two-stage development plan. What do you think of that? What is happening in China that impresses you most?

Well, the future is key, and as I said, the focus is on the "new era". Since Mao Zedong called on the Chinese people to "stand up", the country has slowly overcome past internal contradictions and a global lack of understanding. Deng Xiaoping showed the huge potential in transforming Chinese culture into a world power. In Xi's view, the next steps are the most complex and important. This is why he chose to outline a two-stage plan, so that you can always learn and change course according to real-time experiences. I visited China for the first time in 1985. What can I say? Never in world history has a country accomplished so much in such a short period of time. Simply astonishing.

Xi has pledged to develop a modern economy. What are your expectations for that?

Let's say that China already has a modern economy: it is a global investor, well set in the world of e-commerce, and a global player. You can travel the country at the fastest speed possible by train. Cities like Shanghai have already stepped into the future and are world-class centers. My expectations? I expect China to become a compass for the entire international community.

China's is still the world's fastest-growing economy, and millions of people have been lifted out of poverty. What do you feel has been the key to such achievements? And what do you think of the Chinese development model?

Everything changed when Deng Xiaoping decided it was time to unleash the immense, hidden energies of the Chinese people. China has been a model culture and the center of the world for centuries. Everything was already there - it just needed to be set free. What do I think about China's development model? Simply that if it's good for the Chinese people, we need not say another word.

China has been making efforts to reform and develop the global governance system. How do you think China's experience and wisdom can benefit countries and people around the world?

The world is going through a very unstable time - partly due to economic woes, and partly because of other powers' political choices. Today, we have only one place where stability rules and the economy has all the reasons to grow steadily: China. Yes, China can do more to help the world stabilize. And I have no doubt whatsoever that under the leadership of General Secretary Xi Jinping it will faithfully fulfill its commitments.

Rana Mitter, director of the University of Oxford China Centre

Q&A Rana Mitter

The 19th CPC National Congress introduced Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. How do you think it will guide China's future?

There is a long tradition of leaders who have politics associated with their names; for instance, Reaganomics or "Thatcherism". Xi Jinping Thought will need to take on board the realities and challenges of a new era, including a world where boundaries are more fluid and often invisible, and implementing ideas is based more than ever on consensus, debate and a willingness to embrace many different viewpoints to achieve a new model for China.

Xi Jinping thought will need to take on board the realities and challenges of a new era

Rana Mitter, director of the University of Oxford China Centre

General Secretary Xi Jinping said China has embarked on a "new era" in its development, while spelling out a two-stage development plan for now until the mid-21st century. What do you think of that? What is happening in China that impresses you most?

One of the most important areas of development is in terms of research and development and technological advances in China. Whether is it high-quality mobile telephony, cashless payment or new forms of social media, there is a willingness in China to embrace the new cyberworld.

Xi has pledged to develop a modern economy. What are your expectations for that?

This is an encouraging sign, but it means some tough choices. China's local government debt will have to be addressed. China's markets are still quite closed to outside companies, and a genuinely open and modern economy will have to allow more space for international investment to reach its full potential.

China is still the world's fastest-growing economy, and millions of people have been lifted out of poverty. What do you feel has been the key to such achievements? And what do you think of the Chinese development model?

The growth-oriented strategy of Deng Xiaoping was a key factor in allowing China to expand its economy so fast. In addition, China was lucky to have a high savings and export rate at the same time that the United States chose to become a debtor nation. So the mutual dependency of China and the US helped boost the Chinese economy and allow millions of Chinese to get richer. The future Chinese development model has great potential, but there is a limit to what can be done with infrastructure. China will need to import as well as export.

China has been making efforts to reform and develop the global governance system. How do you think China's experience and wisdom can benefit countries and people around the world?

China has a great deal to teach the world, and a lot to learn from the world, too. China has always been most successful when it was most open and transparent. Being willing to put out that message - that China is genuinely willing to be part of a cooperative international system and to make its own governance subject to openness and transparency - would be a major and important contribution.

Gennady Krivosheev, deputy director of the international department of Russia’s Interfax news agency

Q&A Gennady Krivosheev

General Secretary Xi Jinping said China has embarked on a "new era" in its development while spelling out a two-stage development plan. What do you think of that? What is happening in China that impresses you the most?

The 19th CPC National Congress makes a thorough review of economical and social development in China, which has seen great change and tremendous achievements in the past five years. The congress also discussed the problems involved in development. Such a review at this special time is important for the future development of China.

What General Secretary Xi Jinping raised about the two phases of development is essential. According to the current trend of Chinese economic development, the 2021 and 2035 goals can be realized.

The development of China’s politics, economy and culture is very stable due to the leadership of the CPC

Gennady Krivosheev, deputy director of the international department of Russia’s Interfax news agency

The Western media is always saying that China's economy is going down, and it is 100 percent wrong.

According to what I observe, China's development has witnessed rapid progress since the reform and opening-up policy (launched in the late 1970s). In the past five years, China's economy has met new trends and changes as the global economy has seen rapid changes. However, the country's governance and Xi's strategy are clear. The Chinese Dream and the Belt and Road Initiative will help China further develop.

China's is still the world's fastest-growing economy, and millions of people have been lifted out of poverty. What do you feel has been the key to such achievements?

There are three reasons for China's rapid development.

First, the country believes in the leadership of the Communist Party of China, which decides the basic path for development.

Second, China believes in science and working on technology innovation.

Furthermore, China believes in education.

What do you think of the Chinese development model?

The development of China's politics, economy and culture is very stable due to the leadership of the CPC, the unity of the Chinese people, and the promotion of economic development under scientific innovation.

China has been making efforts to reform and develop the global governance system. How do you think China's experience and wisdom can benefit countries and people around the world?

China has become a giant power with global responsibility, and the international community is looking forward to hearing China's voice on international issues. China has had much more involvement in various international events and issues in recent years.

First, many countries know now that China is bringing peace to the world.

Second, the country's development has attracted attention from around the world.

Last, but not the least, China is one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, and China has an important role in peacekeeping and regional stability under the UN framework.

Therefore, we can say that China's wisdom benefits the world.

Stephen Perry, chairman of 48 Group Club, which promotes UK-China relations

Q&A Stephen Perry

The 19th CPC National Congress introduced Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. How do you think it will guide China's future?

In 1978, many people in the West thought China had aims and targets of which there was no evidence they could be achieved. They were achieved. So when one looks at the targets for 2021, 2035 and 2049, we can expect that they are well thought through and tested, and will be achieved based on the experience of the past 38 years. Some Western media try to find holes in the Chinese plans, but China develops well beyond Western levels of success.

China is on a journey from feudalism to socialism with Chinese characteristics. ... From 2012 to 2035, we shall see the completion of the managed market economy and its role in developing a modern and fully active global China

Stephen Perry, chairman of 48 Group Club, which promotes UK-China relations

So the concept of sharing the wealth of a productive and modern China, and caring for the people of China responsibly, comes through as the two characteristics of socialism with Chinese characteristics. These two targets look very capable of success now that the foundations are down. The new China is coming into focus and will be a great benefit to the people of China. A socialist market economy will be the first in the world and is very likely to illuminate routes for many nations.

General Secretary Xi Jinping said China has embarked on a "new era" in its development while spelling out a two-stage development plan for the country. What do you think of that? What is happening in China that impresses you the most?

China is on a journey from feudalism to socialism with Chinese characteristics. These are not mere ideological words, as we can see from the wonderful transformation of the lives on hundreds of millions of Chinese. From 2012 to 2035, we shall see the completion of the managed market economy and its role in developing a modern and fully active global China. From 2035, we shall see the transition to more shared wealth in China.

All nations talk about moving from low income to high income, avoiding the middle income trap, and being major global nations with new and good human values. China has been successful with 1.4 billion people, and China's starting point in 1949 was much worse. It is the emergence of China as a thinking and doing nation that values sharing and caring that is so special.

Xi has pledged to develop a modern economy. What are your expectations for that?

It is about being at the forefront of artificial intelligence and the internet of things, and innovations in human development. It is not mere words, as we can see China has achieved what it set out to achieve from 1978 onward. In this next era, the creation of selfless officials and attacking corruption are key. Although talked about in other countries, we can see China is for real. China will match developed nations, but it will not be based on consumer debt. It will have its own characteristics, and Western media have yet to comprehend that China is not trying to be like the West. China is China.

China is the world's fastest-growing economy, and millions of people have been lifted out of poverty. What do you feel has been the key to such achievements? And what do you think of the Chinese development model?

The key has been the innovative and hardworking Party, who never sit back and always lead from the front. They are usually modest and unidentifiable people. The key is the scientific method and the belief in their history and their customization of socialism.

China has been making efforts to reform and develop the global governance system. How do you think China's experience and wisdom can benefit countries and people around the world?

This is a 50-year task, but as Mao Zedong said, every journey begins with a first step. Global governance has usually reflected the existence of empires who stamp their own needs on global governance. China's approach is to establish global norms through discussion and then help the world have a fair governance system that is as fair to a person in Nairobi as it is to a person in Chicago. It will create mechanisms for addressing tensions and a way of working that embraces nonconfrontational methods but does not avoid being prepared.


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