This photo taken on March 20, 2017 shows Ma Zhaoxu, China's permanent representative to the United Nations, speaking at a general debate at the 34th Session of the Human Rights Council in Geneva, Switzerland. Speaking to the Security Council in a high-level debate on July 11, 2018, Ma urged the international community to build a new security concept to deal with climate-related risks. (PHOTO / XINHUA)
UNITED NATIONS - China's permanent representative to the United Nations, Ma Zhaoxu, on Wednesday urged the international community to build a new security concept to deal with climate-related risks.
The international community should build a new concept of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security to properly tackle climate-related risks, he told the Security Council in a high-level debate.
All countries must take integrated measures, strengthen international cooperation, and embark on the road of sustainable development with a view to addressing climate-related security risks such as land and water resource depletion, food insecurity, humanitarian crises and waves of migration -- through the achievement of common development, he said.
The international community should build a new concept of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security to properly tackle climate-related risks
Ma Zhaoxu, China's permanent representative to UN
It is important for the international community to foster a community of shared future for mankind and actively rise up to the daunting global challenge of climate change, he said.
Ma added that countries must strengthen exchanges and cooperation to respond to climate change, and provide assistance to developing countries through technology transfer and capacity building.
The international community must uphold equality and justice and ensure that international rules are effectively followed. Countries should fully respect international agreements in the area of climate change, reject zero-sum mentality, enhance benefit and responsibility sharing, and endeavor to achieve mutual benefit and win-win outcome, he said.
He asked for the implementation of the Paris Agreement and adherence to the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities.
He said the international community must take into account countries' national conditions and respect their differences, especially developing countries.
China, which has been participating in international cooperation on climate change, will continue to honor its commitment to South-South cooperation on climate change and support other developing countries in responding to climate change challenges, said Ma.
China is committed to working with the rest of the international community to safeguard the planet.
SENIOR UN OFFICIAL HIGHLIGHTS CLIMATE CHANGE-SECURITY LINK
Speaking at the same debate, UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed highlighted the link between climate change and international peace and security and called for collective action.
"It is no coincidence that the countries most vulnerable to climate change are often those most vulnerable to conflict and fragility," she told the Security Council, adding that fragile countries are in danger of becoming stuck in a cycle of conflict and climate disaster.
Climate security risk assessments and reporting from local, national and regional levels should be considered as an early warning for conflict prevention, she said.
Mohammed warned that climate change is a real global threat and is proceeding at a relentless pace.
While the impact of climate change may be spread unevenly across different regions today, no country will be spared from its consequences in the long term, she said, calling for collective action.
Action on climate change is urgent and an integral part of building a culture of prevention and ensuring peace, she said.