Honduran President Juan Orlando Hernandez gives a press conference in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, Dec 5, 2017. (FERNANDO ANTONIO / AP)
TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras — Eight Latin American governments on Wednesday applauded Honduras' willingness to recount disputed votes in the presidential elections, but questions remain about how thorough that recount will be.
The eight countries — Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay — said in a statement: "We call on the citizens of Honduras to await peacefully the result of the recount."Earlier, President Juan Orlando Hernandez had said he was open to a review of a disputed vote count in his bid for re-election, which has plunged the country into a political crisis following claims of fraud from his opponent and violence on the streets.
Hernandez called late Tuesday for the Supreme Electoral Tribunal to re-examine all the votes from the Nov 26 election, saying that "the people deserve respect."David Matamoros, head of the electoral tribunal, said Wednesday that the body was prepared to review tally sheets from as many polling places as the opposition wants. That did not appear to imply a vote-by-vote recount.
Opposition candidate Salvador Nasralla has urged a recount of thousands of disputed ballots and also has called for a re-vote. He told The Associated Press that a re-vote would be legal if Congress convened and explicitly approved it.
The government, meanwhile, lifted the curfew it imposed last week for nine of the country's 18 provinces, but left it in place for the two biggest cities, Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula, armed forces spokesman Jorge Cerrato said.
With all the votes counted, Hernandez held an edge over Nasralla of 43 percent to 41.4 percent. Both sides claimed victory even before the final count, though the tribunal has yet to declare a winner more than a week after the vote.
"It is still not known who the new president is," political analyst Rodolfo Cortes Calderon said. "Meanwhile, the people sink into a debacle of protests, the suspension of constitutional guarantees and nighttime pot-banging demonstrations."Third-place finisher Luis Zelaya of the Liberal party said there is no doubt in his mind as to the outcome.
Soldiers patrol during a government imposed dawn-to-dusk curfew in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, Dec 5, 2017. (MOISES CASTILLO / AP)
"The documents used in the process that are in my party's possession give Nasralla as the sure winner," Zelaya said at a news conference Wednesday. "I am not with either Nasralla or Hernandez, but it was Salvador Nasralla who won."Data from the count was transmitted simultaneously to election observers, the US Embassy and the political parties.
Domestic and international election observers denounced numerous irregularities in the election, such as a sudden halt to the count that lasted more than a day. After the halt, an early lead for Nasralla gradually began to recede and the count ultimately turned in Hernandez's favor.
Officials with the electoral tribunal have denied any manipulation of the vote.
But the delay and uncertainty prompted Nasralla to allege electoral malfeasance and many of his supporters took to the streets in protest.
The Organization of American States has said early reports indicated as many as 11 people died in the disturbances.
"There have also been killings by soldiers, dozens of wounded, looting of large and small businesses, economic paralysis, destruction of public works and families divided," said Cortes Calderon, the analyst.
Pedro Barquero, executive director of the country's Chamber of Commerce, estimated US$65 million in damage has been done to businesses during the unrest.
On Wednesday, the US State department issued a travel warning urging "US citizens to postpone or cancel unnecessary travel to mainland Honduras due to ongoing political protests and the potential for violence."The alert said that while "demonstrations have largely remained peaceful, demonstrations can be volatile and dangerous, and have included rock throwing, assaults, and tire burning. Moreover, rioting and looting have occurred in many cities throughout Honduras."The statement noted that the tourist-oriented Bay islands, including Roatan, have not been significantly affected.
An anti-government demonstrator sings the Honduras national anthem protesting against the government imposed dawn-to-dusk curfew in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, Dec 5, 2017. (MOISES CASTILLO / AP)
OAS MAY REQUEST NEW ELECTION
The Organization of American States (OAS) said on Wednesday it may call for new Honduran elections if any "irregularities" undermine the credibility of results in last month's vote.
In a statement, the OAS also called for an immediate return of constitutional rights such as freedom of movement.
The statement, released by OAS Secretary General Luis Almagro, said the election result was not yet certain, and measures including a partial recount should be undertaken to clarify the outcome and restore credibility.
"It is clear that it is not possible, without an exhaustive and meticulous process of verification that determines the existence or not of an electoral fraud ... to restore the confidence of the population," the statement said.