|The opening ceremony of the "Great Victory, Historic Contribution" exhibition is held at the Museum of the War of Chinese People's Resistance against Japanese Aggression near Lugou Bridge, also known as Marco Polo Bridge, in Beijing, China, July 7, 2015. (Xinhua/Li Tao)|
BEIJING - Starting in the spring semester of 2017, China's textbooks will adopt the phrase "14-year Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression," marking a revision to the current wording, the Ministry of Education said Tuesday.
China became the first country to fight against fascist forces when Japanese troops began invasion of northeast China on Sept 18, 1931.
The phrase "14-year Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression" will be adopted
Textbooks currently use the phrase "Eight-year Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression," which reflects the date of the beginning of Japan's full-scale invasion of China on July 7, 1937.
READ MORE: Ceremony marks anti-Japanese war victory day
A document on the revision mandates textbooks fully reflect the crimes committed by Japanese troops in the war, underscoring the continuity of the 14 years of war against Japanese aggression starting in 1931.
The revision applies to universities and schools across the nation, all relevant disciplines, and textbooks for national and local curricula, the document said.
The document, issued by the ministry, requires that "the pillar role played by the Communist Party of China in the anti-Japanese war must be fully proclaimed."
It went on to say that the revision should stress that "China was the major East Asian battlefield in the World Anti-Fascist War," in addition to highlighting "the spirit of the Chinese nation in defying brutality and fighting against aggression."
READ MORE: China firmly opposes Yasukuni Shrine visit
The revision was an effort to implement the guidelines of central authorities on commemorating the 70th anniversary of the victory in the anti-Japanese war and the World Anti-Fascist War, and to "strengthen patriotic education," according to the ministry.
The ministry said it had engaged history experts in careful study and made comprehensive arrangements on revision of textbooks.